Don’t blame African Americans for fearing COVID-19 vaccine in US
Most African Americans know about the Tuskegee Syphilis Study, which was undertaken by the U.S. Public Health Service with the stated aim of learning more about the disease and eventually justifying a treatment program for Black men.
Decades later, in 1972, a news report found that men who participated in the 40-year study had been misled about its purpose and were denied treatment, which caused needless pain and suffering. Even when penicillin became widely used to treat syphilis in 1947, it was not offered to the test subjects.
It was done without the men’s knowledge and consent. In return, the government provided them with burial insurance.
Long before then President Bill Clinton apologized on behalf of the U.S. government, the story was told to generations of African Americans, handed down from great-grandparents to grandparents to parents to children.
The study long haunted African Americans. Now it has circled back to haunt America.
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration last week approved the first vaccine for COVID-19. The groundbreaking vaccine is seen as a powerful front-line offense against the virus that has killed more than 298,000 Americans and crippled the nation.
But it won’t work unless enough people take it to establish herd immunity. More than half of African Americans said they would not get the vaccine, according to a recent Pew Research Center poll. That’s a huge problem for the government.
The Tuskegee study is not a story from long ago. It happened during our lifetime, from 1932 to 1972.
There is the legacy of Henrietta Lacks, the Black woman who died of cancer in 1951 as doctors and scientists experimented with cells that were taken from her body without her knowledge.
And there was the era of 20th century eugenics, where thousands upon thousands of African American women who went to state health facilities for routine medical procedures were sterilized without their knowledge.
To most white people, the Tuskegee study is, of course, considered tragic. But it was no more significant than Juneteenth or Black History Month. Such apathy — or ignorance — made it more tragic. Now, it has put all Americans at risk.
These stories are as ingrained in African American culture as deeply as the historical narratives of slaves and sharecroppers. The details may have been altered over time as it went from one tongue to another, but the message has remained the same.
“African Americans should never take a vaccine.”
It doesn’t matter whether it’s a flu shot, a shingles shot, a hepatitis shot, a COVID-19 shot or even an HIV shot if one should become available. This fear has forced Black people to stay away from clinical trials and all types of medical studies, even if our community is ravaged by disease.
The reasoning is simple. “The government wants to experiment on Black people to see what could happen to white people. They don’t care if we get sick from it. They don’t care if we die.”
The Tuskegee study was the ultimate betrayal of a race of people that continues to endure more mistreatment from their country than anyone deserves. It was proof that the U.S. government had no qualms about sacrificing Blacks for the well-being of whites.
America never particularly cared whether Black people decided to get a flu shot. Though encouraged, protecting oneself from the flu largely is considered a personal choice.
Likewise, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention ignored HIV/AIDS in the Black community for years during the early onset as it spread out of control.
But COVID-19 is different. Everyone needs to take the vaccine in order to rid the country of the virus and get the economy going again.
Suddenly, everybody is talking about the Black anti-vaccine problem. The government is scrambling to figure out how to get Black people to trust the safety of a COVID-19 vaccine that was quickly developed.
But the larger question is this: “How does America get Black people to trust America?”
A public service ad by a Black celebrity won’t do it. Nor will a video showing Barack Obama, the first African American president, rolling up his sleeve to receive the vaccine.
Dr. Anthony Fauci, America’s top infectious disease expert, suggested at a National Urban League event that African Americans should be reassured because a Black woman, Dr. Kizzmekia Corbett, helped lead the development of the vaccine.
African Americans lit into him on social media. While Fauci likely had good intentions, his words pointed to the government’s severe miscalculation of the depth of African American distrust.
Tuskegee is a story of deep betrayal, not just by the U.S. government but also by our own people who collaborated in this inhumane act. No one could be trusted.
Both Black and white doctors perpetrated the syphilis experiment. It involved a historically Black university, the former Tuskegee Institute. More than 120 Black medical students helped conduct the study.
African American doctors in the area agreed not to treat the men if they came in on their own.
America is asking Black people once again to put the past behind and look toward the future — for the country’s sake. Many of us will roll up our sleeves because we know that if we don’t, our people will continue to die from COVID-19 at higher rates than anyone.
The consequences of refusing to do what America asks are much steeper for Blacks than for others. But do not blame those who are too terrified to trust America.
Trust must be earned. And America has given Black people very little reason to believe anything it says.