Who's behind the recent coup in Sudan and other African nations?
Sudan’s Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok said last month the coup attempt in the African nation was organized by elements in and outside the military establishment.
The Sudanese government said military officers and civilians linked to deposed president Omar al-Bashir had attempted a coup on September 21, but that it was swiftly brought under control.
Interrogation of suspects involved in the attempted coup was under way after several arrests were made, spokesman Mohamed al-Faki Suleiman said.
The failed coup attempt came as Sudan in the midst of a rocky transition following the April 2019 ouster of Bashir.
Also in September, the government of Guinea was overthrown by Colonel Mamady Doumbouya, who had military training in France, Israel, and by US special forces stationed in the West African nation.
The United States has trained troops in many African nations, supposedly for “counterterrorism programs”. However, numerous US-trained officers in Africa have seized power in their countries, most notably, General Abdel Fattah el-Sisi of Egypt.
Military coups in African countries, which have increased significantly in recent years, are the most important legacy of the Western colonial powers, research has shown.
In their grab for influence and resources, colonial powers drew artificial borders across the Middle East and Africa, often arbitrarily splitting traditional tribal territories into new states.
These Western imperialists turned African countries into hotbeds of conflict and war, exposing them to violent changes of power to the point that the number of coups exceeded 200 since the late 1950s.
The latest military takeover in Africa took place last week in Guinea after the country’s president, Alpha Conde, was overthrown by the junta.
So far this year, there's been a noticeably higher than average number of coups compared with the previous two decades (Niger, Chad, Mali and Guinea).
While African countries have been striving for national unity since gaining independence from European colonists, most are still involved in political crises and military coups.
Experts say Europe's arbitrary post-colonial borders left Africans bunched into countries that don't represent their heritage, a contradiction that still troubles them today.
Western observers have blamed the continent’s political violence to rising tide of terror groups, but African scholars have long maintained that the national borders in Africa, most of which date back to the period in the late 1800s when European powers divided up most of the continent in a flurry of diplomatic agreements and colonial wars now known as the “Scramble for Africa,” are actually one of the biggest sources of its present-day strife and violence.