Africa most at risk of global warming, but has contributed least to the crisis
Africa is the continent likely to bear the brunt of the effects of climate change even though studies show it has contributed least to the crisis.
So even though Africa has released relatively small amounts of greenhouse gasses into the atmosphere, those living on the continent are likely to be the victims of climate emergency disasters.
It is already suffering from extreme weather events and changes to rainfall patterns linked to climate change - leading to droughts and flooding.
With a rapidly rising population, this has knock-on effects for food, poverty and gives rise to migration and conflict.
the U.N. climate agency said last month that the impacts of climate change are hitting Africa hard, and worse is ahead for the region’s food supplies, economy and health.
Temperatures have been rising on the continent of 1.2 billion at a comparable rate to other regions, but Africa is exceptionally vulnerable to the shock, according to the World Meteorological Organization (WMO).
Warming temperatures are slashing crop yields. Agriculture is the backbone of Africa’s economy.
“By the middle of this century, major cereal crops grown across Africa will be adversely impacted,” the WMO said in a report.
It projected a reduction in yields of 13% in West and Central Africa, 11% in North Africa and 8% in East and Southern Africa.
African countries are generally low-income and ill-equipped to respond to this and other consequences of climate change, the WMO said.