World Diabetes Day 2021: Identifying symptoms and ways prevent the disease
November 14 is observed as World Diabetes Day, which aims at spreading awareness about one of the leading causes of death worldwide.
This chronic condition is characterized by an abnormal level of blood glucose in the body which is a consequence of the body's unhealthy insulin function.
According to the World Health Organization, about 422 million people suffer from diabetes globally.
When talking about diabetes, it is essential to bring people's attention to pre-diabetes, a condition that is characterized by elevated blood sugar levels in the body, but not elevated enough to fall into the criteria of diabetes.
It is a crucial stage because precautionary measures undertaken during the same can be a decisive factor in determining the body's accession to type 2 diabetes.
The risk factors or pre-diabetes may include genetics, age, weight, physical inactivity and gestational diabetes. It is a reversible condition and can be managed with timely diagnosis and appropriate alterations in diet and lifestyle.
Pre-diabetes can be a tricky condition and despite being reversible, the lack of symptoms can often make it go overlooked. Therefore, people end up discovering it until it's too late. This makes it essential to be aware of the risk factors and possible signs to avoid the risk of type 2 diabetes.
1- You're often thirsty: Experiencing dry mouth and increased thirstiness can be a sign of pre-diabetes. It can often go unnoticed so it's important to be mindful of the water intake.
2- Increase in the urge to urinate: Have you been feeling the need to urinate frequently lately? It could be a sign of an underlying condition such as UTI, pre-diabetes, etc. Therefore, make sure that you consult a doctor for the same.
3- You have issues with your vision: The eyes can indicate signs of internal turmoil. If you experience a change in vision such as an increase in blurriness, it might be time to get your blood sugar levels tested.
4- You're always tired: An altered blood sugar level in the body is accompanied by fatigue. If you've been suffering from persistent lethargy and weakness, it can be a sign of an internal anomaly such as pre-diabetes.
5- Changes in skin: People suffering from pre-diabetes may often develop darkened skin near the elbows, neck, knees, or armpits. However, it might often go unnoticed under the pretence of natural hyperpigmentation.