African farmers use agroforestry to fight climate crisis

2021-11-16 17:21:11
African farmers use agroforestry to fight climate crisis

The agricultural sector is critical to African economies and accounts for the majority of livelihoods across the continent. But it is facing major challenges as these climate and natural disasters intensify. Farmers are adapting to sustainable farming.

Agroforestry is an approach to sustainable farming that is quickly spreading around the globe, transforming the way food is produced. Agroforestry is the practice of growing trees, shrubs, herbs, and vegetables together, that mimics a forest in order to sequester climate-warming carbon while feeding people and maintaining biodiversity.

As a result, the soil is stabilised by tree roots, and erosion is reduced; leaves and pruned branches from trees act as mulch which reduces soil runoff and erosion, eventually decomposing to form organic litter that enriches the soil - restoring the landscape to productivity.

Climate change, combined with economic hardship is contributing to acute global food insecurity, hunger, and poverty, but solutions such as climate-resilient crops and agricultural practices raise hope.

Agriculture is facing the tremendous challenge of feeding millions of people and with extreme climatic events like heatwaves, cyclones, fires, droughts, floods and desert locust invasions, which are happening more frequently and with more severity, and are driving millions into hunger and poverty.

On World Food Day on October 16, 2021, the UN warned that the fight against hunger is being lost. It called for action to improve food security for the world's most vulnerable people. Hunger is on the rise, driven globally by conflict, displacement, climate change, and the economic impacts of Covid-19.

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