Mental health crisis among US children deteriorated during COVID: Studies
American children's mental health crisis has got worse during the COVID-19 pandemic, says the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
According to two new studies published by CDC on Friday, overall pediatric emergency department visits decreased in 2020, 2021, and in January 2022 compared with visits before the coronavirus outbreak in 2019.
However, COVID-19-related emergency department visits had increased across all pandemic years and among pediatric age groups during this time, it showed.
The first study found that there were increases in the weekly number and proportion of emergency department visits for certain types of injuries, some chronic diseases, and visits related to behavioral health concerns, especially among older children (5–11 years) and adolescents (12–17 years).
Factors affecting caregivers during the pandemic, including unavailable or unpredictable childcare, illness, financial hardship, and mental health concerns, might increase a child’s vulnerabilities, it stated, adding, that loss of a parent or caregiver and disruptions in daily routine due to the COVID-19 pandemic might have also increased a child’s behavioral health concerns and unhealthy coping behaviors.
The second study, which also analyzed pediatric emergency department visits, found that adolescent girls (12–17 years) accounted for the largest increases in the number and proportion of emergency department visits for mental health conditions in 2020, 2021, and in January 2022 compared to pre-pandemic.
Weekly visits for eating and tic disorders increased for females, and particularly adolescent females (12–17 years), during 2020, 2021, and in January 2022, it showed.
Extended time at home may have been the cause of this increase, among other challenges and stressors, the second study suggested, adding, these factors, as well as other pandemic-related stressors that impact families (e.g., increases in parental mental health problems, parental substance use, financial strain, and loss of a parent or caregiver), could have created or increased the risk for mental health conditions.
The CDC advised early identification and expanded evidence-based prevention and intervention strategies as remedies for improving children’s mental health, especially among adolescent females who might have increased need. It recommended increased awareness for health concerns among children and adolescents that could arise due to delayed medical care and heightened emotional distress.
CDC published the two new studies in its weekly journal The Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) that provide important insights on the health and well-being of children and adolescents in the United States.
Earlier studies by the World Health Organization had reported the "devastating impact" of the pandemic on mental health services.