Burkina Faso 1 year after Traoré uprising
After taking power on September 30, 2022, Captain Ibrahim Traoré gave himself two to three months to improve the security situation in Burkina Faso, but a year later the country remains the target of deadly attacks by extremists.
During the military
takeover, the second in the country in eight months, Captain Traoré promised
that solving some small logistical problems and discretion in the army would
allow him to regain control.
year, the new administration focused on a strong security response to those
attacks by groups linked to Al-Qaeda and the ISIS. The administration pursued
mass recruitment of volunteers for the defense of the homeland (VDP, Civilian
Aid Forces), the purchase of drones and helicopters, the neutralization of extremists
and some visits by President Traoré to motivate the troops.
later, we have to admit that the problem that justified the intrusion of
Captain Traoré into the country's politics is far from being solved, writes an
editorial in Burkina Faso's private newspaper L'Observateur Paalga.
of Ibrahim Traoré raised great hopes in the population because of the security
situation. Many efforts have been made on the ground to win back positions, but
the situation has deteriorated considerably, expert on Sahel security Lassina
Diarra told AFP.
statistics confirm this: according to Acled, an organization that counts the
victims of conflicts around the world, more than 17,000 people have died in
attacks since 2015 and more than 6,000 since the beginning of 2023 alone.
army and the VDP are the main targets of this violence, civilians are also
paying a heavy price, with more than 6,000 schools closed in the country,
almost one in four, according to the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC).
people have been forced from their homes by the violence since 2015, but by the
end of August the government had forced more than 190,000 of them back into
their communities, promoting the recapture of areas once held by extremist
supporters of the administration praise the decisions of the 35-year-old
Sawadogo, coordinator of Front pour la Défense de la Patrie, which is a pro-government
movement, said that there were no failures, and our soldiers were
insufficiently equipped to fight terrorism, but with the arrival of Captain
Traoré, we received enormous resources.
to the extremist attacks, there are other voices condemning the abuses by the
VDP or the armed forces.
the Collective against Impunity and Stigmatization of Communities (CISC) claimed
that men wearing military uniforms killed 136 people, including women and
children, in the northern village of Karma.
investigation was launched and the government strongly condemned the cheap and
barbaric actions, but Captain Traoré insisted on refraining from jumping to
conclusions and blamed the army for the Karma massacre.
weakening of certain personal freedoms is also concerned about the situation: The
Unité d'action syndicale, which unites the country's main trade unions,
denounces forced recruitment, kidnapping and media freezing, while
L'Observateur Paalga claims in its editorial that everyone must march in step,
and watch out for anyone who doesn't go straight.
past 12 months, several French media outlets have been suspended, including
RFI, France 24 and Jeune Afrique, and correspondents from Libération and Le
Monde have been expelled. Burkina Faso's Radio Oméga was banned for a month.
diplomatic front, since Captain Traoré came to power, Burkina Faso has decided
to diversify its international partners.
Burkina Faso asked French troops in the region to stop their mission in
February; then, it multiplied contacts with countries such as Iran, Russia and
Africa, the country signed a charter with neighboring Mali and Niger that
established the Alliance des Etats du Sahel (AES), a collective defense and
mutual aid alliance also led by military leaders.
government can initially count on the support of part of the population,
especially young people. On Tuesday night thousands of people took to the
streets to protect Captain Traoré after rumors of a rebellion. The next day,
the government announced that the rebelion had been foiled and four officers
the transition period should last until July 2024, when civilian rule will
return through presidential elections. Prime Minister Apollinaire Joachimson
Kyélem de Tambèla announced in May that elections cannot be held without