International Coffee Day: The dark brown drink was born in Africa
Coffee is one of the most widely consumed beverages in the world with an estimated two billion cups consumed each day.
To recognise the work of millions of coffee farmers, producers and baristas from all over the world, every year on October 1, the world celebrates International Coffee Day.
This year’s theme is “promoting the right to a safe and healthy working environment in the coffee supply chain”.
In this infographic series, Al Jazeera visually presents the coffee production process, outlines the various types of coffee and showcases the top coffee-producing nations around the world.
How is coffee produced?
Coffee consumption is thought to have its origins dating back as far as the ninth century in the region that is now Ethiopia in East Africa, where wild coffee plants grew naturally.
The invigorating drink then spread to other regions across the Arabian Peninsula, such as Yemen and by the 15th century, coffee cultivation and preparation methods had developed to become an integral part of the culture.
Coffee trade expanded across the Middle East and made its way to Europe by the 17th century through trade routes across Italy.
Although they may resemble beans, “coffee beans” are actually the seeds of the coffee fruit which are found in pairs inside a red coffee cherry. It takes about three to four years for a coffee plant to bear its first harvest.